HIV-related data among key populations to inform evidence-based responses: Protocol of a systematic review 11 Medical and Health Sciences 1117 Public Health and Health Services

Amrita Rao, Sheree Schwartz, Keith Sabin, Tisha Wheeler, Jinkou Zhao, James Hargreaves, Stefan Baral

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Background: Key populations who bear a disproportionate burden of HIV, including female sex workers, men who have sex with men, people who use drugs, transgender people, and incarcerated populations, have been understudied, especially in the context of broadly generalized HIV epidemics. Program and investment planning documents often do not take into account the data that do exist. Prior systematic reviews have been comprehensive, but lack sustainability and relevance over time. This review aims to synthesize all available data for key populations and present the data through an accessible, updatable user-friendly graphic interface. The outputs of this systematic review will serve as a resource for decision-makers, providing government stakeholders and donors with the tools to make evidence-based decisions for national planning. Methods: We will conduct a systematic review of data published or made available between January 1, 2006, and January 1, 2019, that captures the burden of HIV, both prevalence and incidence estimates, HIV prevention and treatment cascades, key population size estimates, experienced violence, consistent condom use, and engagement with healthcare systems for female sex workers, men who have sex with men, people who use drugs, transgender people, and incarcerated populations. A team of reviewers will use Covidence to conduct two independent reviews of both title/abstract and full text for each article. REDCap will be used for data abstraction and storage. Discussion: Findings from this systematic review and the development of the enhanced graphical interface to display data, along with ongoing efforts to build capacity among key stakeholders to better use and interpret available data, will help ensure that available epidemiologic data related to key populations can be appropriately used to guide large-scale HIV funding and programmatic responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number220
JournalSystematic Reviews
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 3 2018

Keywords

  • Female sex workers
  • Incarcerated populations
  • Key populations
  • Men who have sex with men
  • People who use drugs
  • Population size estimation
  • Systematic review
  • Treatment cascade

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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