HIV Prevention community planning and communities of color: Do resources track the epidemic?

David R. Holtgrave, Craig W. Thomas, Huey Chen, Seth Edlavitch, Steven D. Pinkerton, Patricia Fleming

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) funds provided to state, local, and territorial health departments for HIV-prevention activities are prioritized with the substantial involvement of HIV-prevention community planning groups (CPGs). This article examines whether or not these funds (more than $261 million in fiscal year 1998) are allocated ina way that mirrors the HIV/AIDS epidemic in terms of race/ethnicity. AIDS prevalence data were used to reflect disease burden, and were compared to budget data submitted by health departments to the CDC. The budget data report expenditures by race/ethnicity for two major types of activities: (1) health education and risk reduction (more than $104 million); and (2) counseling, testing, referral, and partner notification (more than $91 million). The rank order correlation between funding and AIDS prevalence data for the five specific racial/ethnic categories was .900 (n = 5, p < .05) for health education and risk reduction (HERR) activities, and 1.000 (n = 5, p < .05) for counseling, testing, referral, and partner notification (CTRPN) activities. From 1997 to 1998, the proportion of funds targeted and accounted for by race/ ethnicity increased from 79 percent to 88 percent for HERR, and from 71 percent to 84 percent for CTRPN activities. With regard to race/ethnicity, health departments and CPGs appear to be actively targeting and accounting for HIV prevention resources, and we will argue that relatively small changes in counseling and testing resources for African-American and Latino-Latina communities would result in a close match between AIDS prevalence data and devoted resources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-81
Number of pages7
JournalAIDS and Public Policy Journal
Volume15
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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