HIV-positive women report more lifetime partner-violence: Findings from a voluntary counseling and testing clinic in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Suzanne Maman, Jessie K. Mbwambo, Nora M. Hogan, Gad P. Kilonzo, Jacquelyn C. Campbell, Ellen Weiss, Michael D. Sweat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives. Experiences of partner violence were compared between HIV-positive and HIV-negative women. Methods. Of 340 women enrolled, 245 (72%) were followed and interviewed 3 months after HIV testing to estimate the prevalence and identify the correlates of violence. Results. The odds of reporting at least 1 violent event was significantly higher among HIV-positive women than among HIV-negative women (physical violence odds ratio [OR]=2.63; 95% confidence interval [Cl]=1.23, 5.63; sexual violence OR=2.39; 95% Cl=1.21, 4.73). Odds of reporting partner violence was 10 times higher among younger (<30 years) HIV-positive women than among younger HIV-negative women (OR=9.99; 95% Cl=2,67, 37.37). Conclusions. Violence is a risk factor for HIV infection that must be addressed through multilevel prevention approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1331-1337
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of public health
Volume92
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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