Oxidative stress is thought to play a role in the onset of dementia. HIV-dementia has recently been demonstrated to be associated with oxidative stress as indexed by increased protein and lipid peroxidation in the brain and cerebrospinal fluid compared to HIV non-demented patients. The HIV protein Tat induces neurotoxicity, and, more recently, Tat was found to induce oxidative stress directly and indirectly. The role of Tat in HIV-dementia and possible therapeutic strategies involving endogenous and exogenous antioxidants are discussed.
- Oxidative stress
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