HIV counseling and testing in tuberculosis contact investigations in the United States and Canada

Y. Hirsch-Moverman, W. A. Cronin, B. Chen, J. A. Moran, E. Munk, M. R. Reichler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BACKGROUND: Determining the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status of tuberculosis (TB) patients and contacts is important. Despite existing guidelines, not all patients are tested, and testing of contacts is rarely performed. METHODS : In a study conducted at nine US/Canadian sites, we introduced formal procedures for offering HIV testing to TB patients and contacts. Data were collected via interviews and medical record review. Characteristics associated with offering and accepting HIV testing were examined. RESULT S : Of 651 TB patients, 601 (92%) were offered testing, 511 (85%) accepted, and 51 (10%) were HIVinfected. Of 4152 contacts, 3099 (75%) were offered testing, 1202 (39%) accepted, and 24 (2%) were HIVinfected. Contacts aged 15-64 years, non-Whites, foreign-born persons, smokers, those with positive TB screening, and household contacts were more likely to be offered testing, whereas contacts exposed to HIVnegative patients were less likely to be offered testing. Contacts aged 15-64 years, smokers, drug/alcohol users, diabetics, and those with positive TB screening were more likely to accept testing. Foreign-born persons, Blacks, Hispanics, and contacts exposed to HIV-positive patients were less likely to accept testing. CONC LUS IONS : High rates of HIV were detected among patients and contacts. Despite structured procedures to offer HIV testing, some patients and most contacts did not accept testing. Strategies are needed to improve testing acceptance rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)943-953
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Contact investigation
  • HIV
  • HIV testing
  • TB

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Infectious Diseases


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