HIV among injection drug users and their intimate partners in almaty, Kazakhstan

Nabila El-Bassel, Louisa Gilbert, Assel Terlikbayeva, Elwin Wu, Chris Beyrer, Stacey Shaw, Tim Hunt, Xin Ma, Mingway Chang, Leyla Ismayilova, Marat Tukeyev, Baurzhan Zhussupov, Yelena Rozental

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper examines prevalence rates of HIV, HCV, and syphilis among a sample of injecting drug users (IDUs) and their heterosexual intimate partners (N = 728) from Almaty, Kazakhstan. The study uses baseline data from Project Renaissance, a couple-based HIV prevention intervention delivered to a couple where one or both partners are IDUs. HIV prevalence rates among female and male IDUs were 28 %. Among the full sample, 75 % had HCV, and 13 % tested positive for the syphilis antibody test. Only 10 % of the sample ever visited a needle exchange program. One-fourth (25.3 %) had never been tested for HIV. One-quarter of those who tested positive were unaware of their status. Being HIV positive was associated with a history of incarceration, being an IDU, and having access to needle exchange programs. The findings call for increasing efforts to improve access to HIV testing, prevention, treatment, and care for IDUs in Almaty, Kazakhstan.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2490-2500
Number of pages11
JournalAIDS and behavior
Volume17
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2013

Keywords

  • Central Asia
  • HIV
  • Injecting drug use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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  • Cite this

    El-Bassel, N., Gilbert, L., Terlikbayeva, A., Wu, E., Beyrer, C., Shaw, S., Hunt, T., Ma, X., Chang, M., Ismayilova, L., Tukeyev, M., Zhussupov, B., & Rozental, Y. (2013). HIV among injection drug users and their intimate partners in almaty, Kazakhstan. AIDS and behavior, 17(7), 2490-2500. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-013-0484-2