Hiv-1 in haitian women 1982–1988

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Abstract

Pregnant Haitian women (n = 4, 474) residing in a periurban slum were interviewed to identify risk factors for sexually transmitted diseases and sera were tested to identify antibodies to HIV-1 and syphilis. The seropreva-lence rates for antibodies to HIV-1 increased from 8.9% in 1986 to 9.9% in 1987 and 10.3% in 1988. Sera obtained in 1982 from 533 mothers of young infants in the same community revealed that 7.8% were HIV-1 seropositive. Of women pregnant for the first time in 1986-1988, 6.6% were HIV-1 seropositive and 6.0% had a positive VDRL. The highest seropositivity rates (>15%) were noted in women 20 to 29 years of age with a history of two or more sexual partners in the year prior to pregnancy. Factors independently associated with HIV-1 seropositivity in pregnant women by logistic regression analysis included being unmarried, age 20-29 years, having had more than one sex partner in the year prior to pregnancy, a positive serologic test for syphilis, and smoking. A dose-response effect was noted in the association between HIV-1 seropositivity and smoking. The association between smoking and HIV-1 infections could be confounded by unrecognized behavioral factors or due to a biologic effect of smoking. The continuing high HIV-1 seropositivity rates in pregnant women indicate that current preventive measures are insufficient and increased control efforts are urgently needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)721-728
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes
Volume3
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1990

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • HIV-1
  • Haitian women
  • Heterosexual
  • Pregnant
  • Smoking
  • Syphilis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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    Cite Soleil/Jhu Aids Project Team (1990). Hiv-1 in haitian women 1982–1988. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes, 3(7), 721-728.