Peripheral blood monocytes from AIDS patients exhibit defective migratory responses to chemotactic stimuli in vitro and to inflammatory sites in vivo. In studies presented here, normal monocytes were infected with the HIV-1/HTLV-III(Ba-L) isolate in vitro and evaluated for chemotactic responsiveness. Within 2 days after viral exposure, but before evidence of virus production in the monocytes, chemotactic activity was significantly impaired. Decreased chemotactic activity was associated with modulation of receptors for the chemotactic ligands, C5a and FMLP, on the monocyte cell surface. In addition to HIV-1, monocytes treated with purified HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein gp120 demonstrated a comparable modulation of chemotactic ligand receptors and migratory function. In addition, the HIV-1 or HIV-1 gp120-treated monocytes were induced to undergo differentiation as monitored by HLA-DR expression. Immunoprecipitation of the gp120 with a specific antibody reversed its effects on monocyte chemotaxis and HLA-DR expression. Taken together, these data indicate that the initial interaction of HIV-1 with the monocyte is not passive, but that the binding of HIV-1 and/or HIV-1 gp120 to the CD4R on monocytes transduces a signal leading to transient monocyte activation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1989|
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