Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors are a promising new class of anticancer drug. The aim of this study was to develop a versatile and sensitive technique for the pharmacodynamic (PD) assessment of HDAC inhibitor activity as monotherapy and in combination therapy. A multiparameter flow cytometric assay was developed initially in healthy donor lymphocytes and leukemia cell lines, and then tested in peripheral blood of solid tumor patients and in bone marrow aspirates of leukemia patients on phase I trials of the HDAC inhibitor MS-275. A technique was developed that allows highly sensitive single parameter determination of HDAC inhibitor activity in as little as 50 μl of whole blood. Multiparameter analysis enabled correlation on a single cell basis of protein acetylation with biologically relevant markers including cell lineage antigens, an apoptosis marker, and PD markers of other anti-cancer agents. The level of protein acetylation can be readily detected and quantified in peripheral blood or in bone marrow aspirates by flow cytometric analysis. The technique described has significant advantages for the PD assessment of HDAC inhibitors as monotherapy and as a component of combination therapy trials.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science|
|State||Published - Sep 2005|
- Flow cytometry
- Pharmacodynamic analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas