Hippo/YAP signaling pathway mitigates blood-brain barrier disruption after cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury

Pian Gong, Zhan Zhang, Changlin Zou, Qi Tian, Xuemei Chen, Michael Hong, Xi Liu, Qianxue Chen, Zhou Xu, Mingchang Li, Jian Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injuries commonly lead to breakdown of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Restoration of the BBB can relieve neurologic damage caused by I/R injuries. The Hippo/YAP signaling pathway mediates cell proliferation, regulated cell death, and differentiation in various organisms and has been shown to participate in the restoration of the heart after I/R. In this study, we investigated whether the Hippo/YAP pathway plays a role in I/R injury in brain, especially in regard to I/R-induced BBB breakdown. The results of our study indicate that I/R injury led to an overall decrease in activity of the core proteins, YAP and TAZ, over a 24-h period. The most dramatic change was observed 1.5 h after reperfusion. In rats that underwent 1.5 h of reperfusion, intraperitoneal injection of YAP agonist dexamethasone activated YAP and TAZ and led to improved neurologic function, smaller brain infarct sizes, increased levels of tight junction proteins, decreased BBB permeability, decreased cerebral edema, and less apoptosis. Our results suggest that YAP exerts neuroprotective effects on the damaged brain that are likely related to restoration of the BBB.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8-17
Number of pages10
JournalBehavioural Brain Research
Volume356
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

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Keywords

  • Blood-brain barrier
  • Ischemia/reperfusioninjury
  • Signaling pathway

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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