Hip fractures among the elderly: Factors associated with in-hospital mortality

Ann H. Myers, Elizabeth G. Robinson, Mark L Van Natta, James D. Michelson, Karen Collins, Susan P. Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Factors associated with mortality were examined for 27,370 hip fracture patients aged 65 years or older in Maryland hospitals, using discharge data for 1979-1988. Variables of interest included sociodemography, principal medical and injury diagnoses, E-code, year, disposition, and hospital. For both white males and white females, the hip fracture rate doubled with each 5-year increment in age. The overall proportion who died during hospitalization was 4.9% (n = 1,339). After multivariate adjustment, there remained a substantially increased risk of death for males. The relative odds (RO) of dying for males versus females were 1.6. Other factors associated with high relative odds of dying during hospitalization included the diagnosis of septicemia (RO = 12.3), pneumonia/influenza (RO =4.9), and digestive system disorder (RO = 3.6). The RO of dying doubled in the presence of cardiac, neoplastic, or cerebrovascular disease. Patients with diagnoses of nervous system or mental disorder, hypertension, anemia, musculoskeletal system disease, or urinary tract infection were at decreased risk of dying. Results of the study suggest that the prevention or early diagnosis and treatment of serious infections in the elderly patient with a hip fracture remain an important challenge to clinicians. Am J Epidemiol 1991 ;134:1128-37.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1128-1137
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Epidemiology
Volume134
Issue number10
StatePublished - Nov 15 1991

Fingerprint

Hip Fractures
Hospital Mortality
Odds Ratio
Hospitalization
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Social Adjustment
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Digestive System
Musculoskeletal System
Nervous System Diseases
Mental Disorders
Urinary Tract Infections
Human Influenza
Anemia
Early Diagnosis
Heart Diseases
Sepsis
Pneumonia
Hypertension
Mortality

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Fractures
  • Hospitalization
  • Incidence
  • Infection
  • Mortality
  • Risk factors
  • Wounds and injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Myers, A. H., Robinson, E. G., Van Natta, M. L., Michelson, J. D., Collins, K., & Baker, S. P. (1991). Hip fractures among the elderly: Factors associated with in-hospital mortality. American Journal of Epidemiology, 134(10), 1128-1137.

Hip fractures among the elderly : Factors associated with in-hospital mortality. / Myers, Ann H.; Robinson, Elizabeth G.; Van Natta, Mark L; Michelson, James D.; Collins, Karen; Baker, Susan P.

In: American Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 134, No. 10, 15.11.1991, p. 1128-1137.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Myers, AH, Robinson, EG, Van Natta, ML, Michelson, JD, Collins, K & Baker, SP 1991, 'Hip fractures among the elderly: Factors associated with in-hospital mortality', American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 134, no. 10, pp. 1128-1137.
Myers AH, Robinson EG, Van Natta ML, Michelson JD, Collins K, Baker SP. Hip fractures among the elderly: Factors associated with in-hospital mortality. American Journal of Epidemiology. 1991 Nov 15;134(10):1128-1137.
Myers, Ann H. ; Robinson, Elizabeth G. ; Van Natta, Mark L ; Michelson, James D. ; Collins, Karen ; Baker, Susan P. / Hip fractures among the elderly : Factors associated with in-hospital mortality. In: American Journal of Epidemiology. 1991 ; Vol. 134, No. 10. pp. 1128-1137.
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