Heterotopic ossification is a common complication in disabled populations that can significantly affect hip range of motion, cause pain, and limit functional mobility. The most common musculoskeletal injuries among amputee athletes are sprains and strains to the lumbar spine and sacroiliac joint on the uninvolved side. Athletes with cerebral palsy typically experience lower extremity injuries that involve the patellofemoral joint which are due to muscle spasms of the surrounding muscles. Wheelchair athletes are at a greater risk of long bone fractures due to osteoporosis. Disabled athletes require sport- and disability-specific equipment to minimize injury.
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