High Social Coping Self-Efficacy Associated With Lower Sweat Interleukin-6 in Older Adults With Chronic Illness

Melissa Hladek, Jessica M. Gill, Chen Lai, Karen Bandeen-Roche, Qian Li Xue, Jerilyn Allen, Christine Leyden, Rebekah Kanefsky, Sarah L. Szanton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Inflammation, particularly interleukin-6 (IL-6), is associated with chronic disease in older adults, but not all older adults have the same progression of poor health outcomes. Self-efficacy may play a role in buffering the inflammatory burden in chronic disease. To evaluate associations between self-efficacy and IL-6, 159 community-dwelling older adults (N = 159, Mage = 82 years, SD = 6.3 years) with one or more chronic illnesses were recruited for this cross-sectional study. Sweat IL-6 was collected using a noninvasive sweat patch worn for 72 hrs. Multiple linear regression with bootstrapping showed a significant association between social coping self-efficacy and IL-6 (β = −0.534, p =.010) after adjustment for age, sex, race, body mass index, financial strain, chronic conditions, and social support. Although preliminary, this study creates a rationale to explore the self-efficacy inflammatory biomarker association further. Enhancing self-efficacy might be a viable nonpharmacological treatment to lower or slow the inflammatory burden in older adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Applied Gerontology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • coping behavior
  • personal control
  • social support
  • successful aging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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