High retention and appropriate use of insecticide-treated nets distributed to HIV-affected households in Rakai, Uganda: Results from interviews and home visits

Lauren Cohee, Lisa A. Mills, Joseph Kagaayi, Ilana Jacobs, Ronald Galiwango, James Ludigo, Joseph Ssekasanvu, Steven J. Reynolds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Background. Distribution of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) has recently been incorporated into comprehensive care strategies for HIV-positive people in malaria-endemic areas. WHO now recommends free or low-cost distribution of ITNs to all persons in malaria-endemic areas, regardless of age, pregnancy and HIV status. Knowledge about and appropriate use of ITNs among HIV-positive ITN recipients and their household members has not been well characterized. Methods: 142 randomly selected adults were interviewed in July-August 2006 to assess knowledge, retention, and appropriate use of ITNs they had received through a PEPFAR-funded comprehensive HIV care programme in rural Uganda. Results: Among all participants, 102 (72%, CI: 65%-79%) reported they had no ITNs except those provided by the programme. Of 131 participants who stated they were given = 1 ITN, 128 (98%, CI: 96%-100%) stated they still possessed at least one programme-provided ITN. Reported programme-ITN (pITN) use by participants was high: 119 participants (91%, CI: 86%-96%) reported having slept under pITN the night prior to the survey and 115 (88%, CI: 82%-94%) reported sleeping under pITN seven days per week. Being away from home and heat were the most common reasons given for not sleeping under an ITN. A sub-study of thirteen random home visits demonstrated concordance between participants' survey reports and actual use of ITNs in homes. Conclusion: There was excellent self-reported retention and appropriate use of ITNs distributed as a part of a community-based outpatient HIV care programme. Participants perceived ITNs as useful and were unlikely to have received ITNs from other sources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number76
JournalMalaria journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - May 12 2009


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

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