High-resolution CT findings suggest a developmental abnormality underlying superior canal dehiscence syndrome

Timo P. Hirvonen, Noah Weg, S. James Zinreich, Lloyd B. Minor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective - Patients with superior canal dehiscence (SCD) syndrome experience vertigo and osciliopsia with loud sounds and/or stimuli that result in changes in middle ear or intracraniai pressure. Findings on temporal bone CT were analyzed to determine if a developmental abnormality is associated with the syndrome. Material and methods - Temporal bone CT scans [0.5 mm collimation and projections into the superior semicircular canal (SC) plane] were used to compare the bone overlying the SC in patients with SCD syndrome (20 unilateral, 7 bilateral) and in 88 patients without SCD syndrome who had undergone temporal bone CT for evaluation of other otologic disorders (controls). Results - The thickness of bone overlying the SC in the controls measured 0.67 ± 0.38 mm (mean ± SD). For individual control subjects, the thickness of bone on one side was correlated with that on the other side (r = 0.43; p < 0.0001). The thickness of bone overlying the SC on the intact side in patients with unilateral dehiscence measured 0.31 ± 0.23 mm, and was thinner than that noted in the controls (p < 0.0001). Conclusions - These findings support the notion that there is a developmental abnormality underlying SCD syndrome. When dehiscence is found on one side, the contralateral side is likely to be thin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)477-481
Number of pages5
JournalActa Oto-Laryngologica
Volume123
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 3 2003

Keywords

  • Labyrinth
  • Multiplanar reconstruction
  • Oscillopsia
  • Superior canal dehiscence syndrome
  • Temporal bone CT
  • Vertigo
  • Vestibular

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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