Comparative mapping of human and mouse chromosomes can be used to predict locations of homologous loci between the species, provides the substrate to examine the process of chromosomal evolution, and facilitates the continuing development of mouse genetic models for human disorders. A YAC contig of the region of mouse Chromosome (Chr) 10 (MMU10) that demonstrates conserved linkage with the distal portion of human Chr 21 (HSA21) has been constructed. The contig contains all known genes mapped in both species, defines the proximal region of homology between MMU10 and HSA22, and contains the evolutionary junction between HSA21 and HSA22 on MMU10. It consists of 23 YACs and 2 PACs, and covers 3.2 Mb of MMU10. The average marker density for this region is 1 marker/69 kb. Nine of 22 expressed sequences are mapped here for the first time in mouse, and two are newly characterized expressed sequences. The contig also contains 12 simple sequence repeats (SSRs) and 16 YAC and PAC endclone markers. YAC fragmentation analysis was used to create a physical map for the proximal 2.2 Mb of the contig. Cloning of the corresponding region of HSA21 has proven difficult, and the mouse contig includes segments absent from previously described sequence ready maps of HSA21.
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