High-resolution ciss mr imaging with and without contrast for evaluation of the upper cranial nerves. segmental anatomy and selected pathologic conditions of the cisternal through extraforaminal segments

Ari M Blitz, Leonardo L. Macedo, Zachary D. Chonka, Ahmet T. Ilica, Asim F. Choudhri, Gary L Gallia, Nafi Aygun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The authors review the course and appearance of the major segments of the upper cranial nerves from their apparent origin at the brainstem through the proximal extraforaminal region, focusing on the imaging and anatomic features of particular relevance to high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging evaluation. Selected pathologic entities are included in the discussion of the corresponding cranial nerve segments for illustrative purposes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-34
Number of pages18
JournalNeuroimaging Clinics of North America
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2014



  • CISS
  • Cranial nerves
  • High-resolution MR imaging
  • Segmental classification
  • Upper cranial nerves

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology

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