High-resolution 3D CANCA NMR experiments for complete mainchain assignments using Cα direct detection

Koh Takeuchi, Dominique P. Frueh, Sven G. Hyberts, Zhen Yu J. Sun, Gerhard Wagner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The primary limitation of solution state NMR with larger, highly dynamic, or paramagnetic systems originates from signal losses due to fast transverse relaxation. This is related to the high gyromagnetic ratio γ of protons, which are usually detected. Thus, it is attractive to consider detection of nuclei with lower γ, such as 13C, for extending the size limits of NMR. Here, we present an approach for complete assignment of Cα and N resonances in fast relaxing proteins using a Cα detected 3D CANCA experiment for perdeuterated proteins. The CANCA experiment correlates alpha carbons with the sequentially adjacent and succeeding nitrogen and alpha carbons. This enables elongation of the chain of assigned residues simply by navigating along both nitrogen and carbon dimensions using a "stairway" assignment procedure. The simultaneous use of both Cα and N sequential connectivities makes the experiment more robust than conventional 3D experiments, which rely solely on a single 13C indirect dimension for sequential information. The 3D CANCA experiment, which is very useful for malnchaln assignments of higher molecular weight proteins at high magnetic field, also provides an attractive alterative for smaller proteins. Two versions of the experiment are described for samples that are 13C labeled either uniformly or at alternate positions for removing one-bond 13C-13C couplings. To achieve both high resolution and sensitivity, extensive nonuniform sampling was employed. Adding longitudinal relaxation enhancement agents can allow for shorter recycling delays, decreased measuring time, or enhanced sensitivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2945-2951
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume132
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 10 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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