High levels of fatty acid synthase expression in esophageal cancers represent a potential target for therapy

Hajime Orita, Jonathan Coulter, Ellen Tully, Masaaki Abe, Elizabeth Montgomery, Hector Alvarez, Koichi Sato, Okio Hino, Yoshiaki Kajiyama, Masahiko Tsurumaru, Edward Gabrielson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Fatty acid synthase (FAS) is overexpressed in many human cancers and is considered to be a promising target for therapy. To investigate the expression of this candidate target in esophageal cancer, we evaluated expression of FAS protein in 22 cases of esophageal squamous cancer, 79 cases of esophageal adenocarcinoma and 16 cases of Barrett's esophagus with high-grade dysplasia - a lesion thought to represent a pre-invasive precursor to esophageal cancer. Using immunohistochemistry, we found significantly higher levels of FAS expression in 77% of the squamous cancers, 96% of the adenocarcinomas and 94% of the Barrett's lesions with high-grade dysplasia, when compared to levels in normal esophageal epithelium and non-dysplastic Barrett mucosa. To evaluate the potential for inhibiting this enzyme as a treatment of esophageal cancer, we treated mice bearing xenografts of the Colo680n esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cell line using C93, a rationally designed molecule that inhibits FAS activity. In these experiments, C93 significantly inhibited the growth of orthotopic xenograft tumors without causing anorexia and weight loss in the treated animals. We conclude that, similar to several other common types of human cancer, FAS is expressed at very high levels in esophageal cancer and growth of these cancers can be inhibited by pharmacological agents that target this enzyme. Moreover, this high expression of FAS is also seen in high-risk, pre-invasive lesions of the esophagus, leading us to propose considering FAS-inhibitors for purposes of esophageal cancer chemoprevention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)549-554
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Biology and Therapy
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2010

Keywords

  • Barret's
  • Barrett's esophagus
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Fatty acid synthase
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Xenograft model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research

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