High-grade cervical disease in adolescents with HIV

L. Stewart Massad, Charlesnika T. Evans, Gypsyamber D'Souza, Teresa Darragh, Howard Minkoff, Donna Henry, Lakshmi Goparaju, Laila I. Muderspach, D. Heather Watts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective. To estimate the risk of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) in adolescents with HIV. Materials and Methods. Review of cervical cytology and biopsy Results from women aged 20 years and younger obtained within 3 years of enrollment in a prospective multicenter study. Results. At enrollment, none of 132 adolescent participants (45 HIV seropositive and 87 seronegative) had HSIL or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or 3 (CIN 2,3). Eight (7%) of 123 women with follow-up developed high-grade disease after a median of 2.6 years of observation. The incidence of HSIL/CIN 2,3 was 2.7/100 person-years (4.8/100 person-years in HIV seropositive and 1.6/100 person-years in HIV seronegative women; relative risk = 3.1; 95% CI = 0.76-12.74; p =.13). No cancers were found in adolescents during the study. Conclusions. The low incidence of HSIL or CIN 2,3 in adolescents suggests that optimal management is careful observation rather than preventive treatment of low-grade abnormalities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-203
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2008

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Cervical cancer prevention
  • HIV in women
  • HPV
  • Pap test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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