High-frequency EEG activity at the start of seizures

Robert S. Fisher, W. Robert S. Webber, Ronald P. Lesser, Santiago Arroyo, Sumio Uematsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Frequencies above 35–40 Hz are poorly visualized on conventional EEG scalp recordings. We investigated frequency components up to 150 Hz in digitally recorded EEGs of seizures in five patients with implanted subdural grids, as part of their evaluation for epilepsy surgery. Amplifier bandpass was set from 0.1 to 300 Hz, and EEG was digitized at 2,000 samples per second. Seizures with electrodecremental patterns at the start showed a significant increase in spectral power above 35 Hz, with a twofold increase in the 40–50-Hz range, and up to a fivefold increase in the 80–120-Hz portion of the spectrum. Activity above 40 Hz could represent summed action potentials, harmonics of synaptic potentials or transient sharp components of synaptic potentials. High-frequency increases were largely localized to the region of the seizure focus. Grid sites remote from the focus did not show significant energy in the EEG band above 40 Hz at baseline, nor at time of seizure onset. Our findings suggest that high-frequency recordings may be of use in localizing seizure foci.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)441-448
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Neurophysiology
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1992

Keywords

  • Electroencephalography
  • Epilepsy
  • Human
  • Seizure
  • Spectral analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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