High-dimensional biology to comprehend hepatocellular carcinoma

Perumal Vivekanandan, Om V. Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common cancer worldwide and is the third leading cause of death from cancer. The diverse etiology, high morbidity/mortality, lack of diagnostic markers for early diagnosis and the highly variable clinical course of HCC have hindered advances in diagnosis and treatment. Microsatellite instability, chromosomal aberrations, mutations in key cell cycle genes and epigenetic changes have been reported in HCC. Availability of modern technologies advance 'high-dimensional biology' (HDB), a term that refers to the simultaneous study of the genetic variants (genome), transcription (mRNA; transcriptome), peptides and proteins (proteomics), and metabolites (metabolomics) for the intermediate products of metabolism of an organ, tissue or organism. The growing interest in omics-based research has enabled the simultaneous examination of thousands of genes, transcripts and proteins of interest, with high-throughput techniques and advanced analytical tools for data analysis. The use of each approach towards functional omics has lead to the classification of HCC into molecular subgroups. Here we review the use of HDB as a tool for the identification of markers for screening, diagnosis, molecular classification and the discovery of new therapeutic drug targets of HCC. With the extensive use of HDB, it may be possible in the near future, to have custom-made therapeutic regimens for HCC based on the molecular subtype, ultimately leading to an improved survival of HCC patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-60
Number of pages16
JournalExpert Review of Proteomics
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2008

Keywords

  • Genomics
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Metabolomics
  • Proteomics
  • Transcriptomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'High-dimensional biology to comprehend hepatocellular carcinoma'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this