High carbohydrate diets are positively associated with the risk of metabolic syndrome irrespective to fatty acid composition in women: the KNHANES 2007–2014

Sunmin Park, Jaeouk Ahn, Nam Soo Kim, Byung Kook Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We evaluated that carbohydrates and fatty acids intake modifies the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and we also determined gender–nutrient interaction in 38,766 adults in KNHANES (2007–2014). Carbohydrate intake was positively associated, and fat intake inversely associated, with the incidence of MetS. The association exhibited a gender interaction with the macronutrient intake; this association was significant in females. Furthermore, saturated fatty acid (SFA), monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) and polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) intakes were inversely associated with MetS risk and only females showed the positive association. Both n-3 and n-6 fatty acids intake showed inverse associations with MetS risk, similar to PUFA intake. Among the MetS components, serum triglyceride levels and blood pressure had significant inverse associations with fatty acid intake irrespective of fatty acid types and exhibited a gender interaction. In conclusions, high carbohydrate intakes (≥74.2 En%) may increase the MetS risk and moderate fat intakes (≥20.7 En%), irrespective of fat types, may decrease it. These associations were significant only in women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Nov 8 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • carbohydrates
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • monounsaturated fatty acids
  • n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids
  • saturated fatty acids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

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