High Blood Pressure and Related Factors Among Individuals at High Risk for HIV/Sexually Transmitted Infections

Soohyun Nam, Robin Whittemore, Sangchoon Jeon, Melissa A. Davey-Rothwell, Carl Latkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Data from a social network–based human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention study with a total of 330 men and women at high risk for HIV/STIs were used to examine the relationships between substance use, depressive symptoms, general health, cardiovascular disease risk factors, sociodemographic characteristics, and systolic/diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP). Approximately 60% of the participants had prehypertension to stage 2 hypertension. In the base model, older patients (P<.0001), men (P=.003), and patients with poorer self-reported health (P=.029) were significantly associated with high SBP, whereas older age (P<.001) and higher body mass index (P<.001) were significantly associated with higher DBP. After adjusting for the base model, high frequency of alcohol drinking and high frequency of binge drinking remained significant for high SBP and DBP. These data suggest that future cardiovascular disease programs should target moderate alcohol consumption to improve blood pressure among individuals at high risk for HIV/STIs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)572-580
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Hypertension
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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