High affinity interactions were studied between the basement membrane form of heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HSPG) and the 695-, 751-, and 770-amino acid Alzheimer amyloid precursor (AAP) proteins. Based on quantitative analyses of binding data, we identified single binding sites for the HSPG on AAP-695 (K(d) = 9 x 10-10 M), AAP-751 (K(d) = 10 x 10-9 M), and AAP-770 (K(d) = 9 x 10-9 M). It is postulated that the ''Kunitz'' protease inhibitor domain which is present in AAP-751 and -770 reduces the affinity of AAPs for the HSPG through steric hindrance and/or conformational alteration. HSPG binding was inhibited by heparin and dextran sulfate, but not by dermatan or chondroitin sulfate. HSPG protein core, obtained by heparitinase digestion, also bound to the β-amyloid precursor proteins with high affinity, indicating that the high affinity binding site is constituted by the polypeptide chain rather than the carbohydrate moiety. The effects of various cations on these interactions were also studied. Our results suggest that specific interactions between the AAP proteins and the extracellular matrix may be involved in the nucleation stages of Alzheimer's disease type amyloidogenesis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology