Herpes zoster in african patients: A clinical predictor of human immunodeficiency virus infection

Robert Colebunders, Jonathan M.M. Mann, Henry Francis, Kapita Bila, Lebughe Izaley, Mbengo Ilwaya, Ndangi Kakonde, Thomas C. Quinn, James W. Curran, Peter Piot, Peter Piot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A recent episode or a history of herpes zoster was found in 30 (11%) of 284 patients hospitalized with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection at Mama Yemo Hospital, Kinshasa, Zaire. Of 146 African patients with a history of herpes zoster who were referred to us by physicians at the Mama Yemo Hospital, 133 (91%) were HIV seropositive. The clinical characteristics of the herpes zoster episodes did not differ between HIV-seropositive and -seronegative individuals, except that 23% of the HIV-seropositive patients experienced recurrences compared with none of the HIV-seronegative patients (P =.05). No patient developed a generalized herpes zoster eruption, and only patients with ophthalmic zoster developed related complications. Patients who experienced severe pain during their herpes zoster attack lost more weight than did those who had only minor pain (P =.0003).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)314-318
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume157
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1988
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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