Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) as a coronary atherosclerosis risk factor in HIV-infected men: Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study

Rulin C. Hechter, Matthew Budoff, Howard N. Hodis, Charles R. Rinaldo, Frank J. Jenkins, Lisa P. Jacobson, Lawrence A. Kingsley, Babafemi Taiwo, Wendy S. Post, Joseph B. Margolick, Roger Detels

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We assessed associations of herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and -2), cytomegalovirus (CMV), and human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) infection with subclinical coronary atherosclerosis in 291 HIV-infected men in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study. Coronary artery calcium (CAC) was measured by non-contrast coronary CT imaging. Markers for herpesviruses infection were measured in frozen specimens collected 10-12 years prior to case identification. Multivariable logistic regression models and ordinal logistic regression models were performed. HSV-2 seropositivity was associated with coronary atherosclerosis (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 4.12, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.58-10.85) after adjustment for age, race/ethnicity, cardiovascular risk factors, and HIV infection related factors. Infection with a greater number of herpesviruses was associated with elevated CAC levels (AOR=1.58, 95% CI = 1.06-2.36). Our findings suggest HSV-2 may be a risk factor for subclinical coronary atherosclerosis in HIV-infected men. Infection with multiple herpesviruses may contribute to the increased burden of atherosclerosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)433-436
Number of pages4
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume223
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2012

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • HIV-1/AIDS
  • HSV-2
  • Herpesvirus
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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