Heritabilities of Common and Measure-Specific Components of the Big Five Personality Factors

John C. Loehlin, Robert R. McCrae, Paul Costa, Oliver P. John

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Three different measures of the Big Five personality dimensions were developed from the battery of questionnaires used in the National Merit Twin Study: one from trait self-rating scales, one from personality inventory items, and one from an adjective check list. Behavior-genetic models were fit to what the three measures had in common, and to the variance distinctive to each. The results of the model fitting agreed with other recent studies in showing the Big Five dimensions to be substantially and about equally heritable, with little or no contribution of shared family environment. Heritabilities for males and females did not differ significantly. For Agreeableness and Conscientiousness, some effect of shared environment was found for measure-specific variance on the personality inventory, and for Extraversion and Neuroticism, models involving nonadditive genetic variance or twin contrast effects provided slightly better fits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)431-453
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1998
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Personality Inventory
Personality
Twin Studies
Genetic Models
Neuroticism
Extraversion (Psychology)
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Key Words: Big Five; heredity; environment; twins; model fitting; sex differences

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Heritabilities of Common and Measure-Specific Components of the Big Five Personality Factors. / Loehlin, John C.; McCrae, Robert R.; Costa, Paul; John, Oliver P.

In: Journal of Research in Personality, Vol. 32, No. 4, 12.1998, p. 431-453.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Loehlin, John C. ; McCrae, Robert R. ; Costa, Paul ; John, Oliver P. / Heritabilities of Common and Measure-Specific Components of the Big Five Personality Factors. In: Journal of Research in Personality. 1998 ; Vol. 32, No. 4. pp. 431-453.
@article{46ce186e8a18400f8bfad028747d395b,
title = "Heritabilities of Common and Measure-Specific Components of the Big Five Personality Factors",
abstract = "Three different measures of the Big Five personality dimensions were developed from the battery of questionnaires used in the National Merit Twin Study: one from trait self-rating scales, one from personality inventory items, and one from an adjective check list. Behavior-genetic models were fit to what the three measures had in common, and to the variance distinctive to each. The results of the model fitting agreed with other recent studies in showing the Big Five dimensions to be substantially and about equally heritable, with little or no contribution of shared family environment. Heritabilities for males and females did not differ significantly. For Agreeableness and Conscientiousness, some effect of shared environment was found for measure-specific variance on the personality inventory, and for Extraversion and Neuroticism, models involving nonadditive genetic variance or twin contrast effects provided slightly better fits.",
keywords = "Key Words: Big Five; heredity; environment; twins; model fitting; sex differences",
author = "Loehlin, {John C.} and McCrae, {Robert R.} and Paul Costa and John, {Oliver P.}",
year = "1998",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1006/jrpe.1998.2225",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "32",
pages = "431--453",
journal = "Journal of Research in Personality",
issn = "0092-6566",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Heritabilities of Common and Measure-Specific Components of the Big Five Personality Factors

AU - Loehlin, John C.

AU - McCrae, Robert R.

AU - Costa, Paul

AU - John, Oliver P.

PY - 1998/12

Y1 - 1998/12

N2 - Three different measures of the Big Five personality dimensions were developed from the battery of questionnaires used in the National Merit Twin Study: one from trait self-rating scales, one from personality inventory items, and one from an adjective check list. Behavior-genetic models were fit to what the three measures had in common, and to the variance distinctive to each. The results of the model fitting agreed with other recent studies in showing the Big Five dimensions to be substantially and about equally heritable, with little or no contribution of shared family environment. Heritabilities for males and females did not differ significantly. For Agreeableness and Conscientiousness, some effect of shared environment was found for measure-specific variance on the personality inventory, and for Extraversion and Neuroticism, models involving nonadditive genetic variance or twin contrast effects provided slightly better fits.

AB - Three different measures of the Big Five personality dimensions were developed from the battery of questionnaires used in the National Merit Twin Study: one from trait self-rating scales, one from personality inventory items, and one from an adjective check list. Behavior-genetic models were fit to what the three measures had in common, and to the variance distinctive to each. The results of the model fitting agreed with other recent studies in showing the Big Five dimensions to be substantially and about equally heritable, with little or no contribution of shared family environment. Heritabilities for males and females did not differ significantly. For Agreeableness and Conscientiousness, some effect of shared environment was found for measure-specific variance on the personality inventory, and for Extraversion and Neuroticism, models involving nonadditive genetic variance or twin contrast effects provided slightly better fits.

KW - Key Words: Big Five; heredity; environment; twins; model fitting; sex differences

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0001411570&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0001411570&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1006/jrpe.1998.2225

DO - 10.1006/jrpe.1998.2225

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0001411570

VL - 32

SP - 431

EP - 453

JO - Journal of Research in Personality

JF - Journal of Research in Personality

SN - 0092-6566

IS - 4

ER -