Hepatitis E-Associated Hospitalizations in the United States: 2010–2015 and 2015–2017

Paul Wasuwanich, Thammasin Ingviya, Supharerk Thawillarp, Eyasu H. Teshale, Saleem Kamili, Jude P. Crino, Ann O. Scheimann, Cynthia Argani, Wikrom Karnsakul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hepatitis E is considered rare in the United States (US) despite its widespread occurrence in Asian and African countries. The objective of this study was to describe the characteristics of hepatitis E-related pregnancies and acute-on-chronic liver failure and analyse trends for hepatitis E diagnosis among hospitalized patients in the US. We examined data from the 2010–2017 National Inpatient Sample from Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project to determine mortality, morbidity, pregnancy diagnoses, chronic liver disease diagnoses, and other conditions during hospitalization. Data were extracted for hospitalizations with hepatitis E as defined by ICD-9 codes 070.43 and 070.53 and ICD-10 code B17.2. Of 208,462,242 hospitalizations from 2010–2015, we identified 960 hepatitis E hospitalizations. The hospitalization rate of hepatitis E was 3.7 per 10 million in 2010 and 6.4 per 10 million in 2015 (β = 0.60, p = 0.011). From 2015 to 2017, the hospitalization appeared to increase with slope (β) of 0.50. Among those hospitalizations, 34 (4%) died and 85 (9%) had acute-on-chronic liver failure. Ninety-five (10%) had a diagnosis of pregnancy, there were no reports of maternal or foetus/neonate deaths, but there was a high proportion of adverse events for both during hospitalization. Having a chronic liver disease was associated with hepatic coma diagnosis (OR = 10.94, p = 0.002). Although the hospitalization rate of hepatitis E in the US is low, it appears to be increasing over time. Further studies are necessary in order to conclude a causal association of hepatitis E with adverse events and mortalities in pregnancy and chronic liver disease in the US.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of viral hepatitis
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • epidemiology
  • liver cirrhosis
  • pregnancy complications
  • public health
  • seroepidemiologic studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

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