Hepatitis B virus infection and exposure among foreign-born asian americans in the U.S.

Hee Soon Juon, Frederic Kim, Carol Strong, Eunmi Park, Lei Zheng, Zhiping Li, Sunmin Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study reports hepatitis B serologic test results among foreign-born Asian Americans. In 2013-2014, a sample of foreignborn Asian American adults, (≥ 18 years of age) were drawn from community-based organizations in the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area. Hepatitis B screening tests were administered, including tests for HBsAg, anti-HBs, and anti-HBc. Among total of 600 people who completed screening, 33 (5.5%) tested positive for HBsAg, indicating chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. About 44% (n = 263) tested positive for anti-HBc, indicating a previous exposure to HBV. Asian Americans from Vietnam (53.2%) had the highest exposure to HBV, followed by Asian Americans from Korea (43.4%) and China (34.8%) (P < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, gender, age, education, and family history of HBV infection were associated with previous exposure to HBV infection. The prevalence of anti-HBc (44%) in our study group was much higher than that of a nationally representative sample in the NHANES study (6%), indicating that there is higher incidence of HBV in foreign-born Asian Americans than the general U.S. population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere43018
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalHepatitis Monthly
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Asian Americans
  • Exposure
  • Hepatitis B Virus Infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Infectious Diseases

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