Hepatitis B vaccinations among Koreans: Results from 2005 Korea national cancer screening survey

Hee Soon Juon, Kui S. Choi, Eun Cheol Park, Min Son Kwak, Sunmin Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Liver cancer is one of most commonly diagnosed cancers among Koreans. Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major risk factor for liver cancer. HBV infection can be prevented by effective screening and vaccination programs. The purpose of this study is to examine the status of HBV infection and the predictors associated with HBV vaccination. Methods: The study population was derived from the 2005 Korea National Cancer Screening Survey (KNCSS). The KNCSS is an annual cross-sectional survey that uses a nationally-representative random sampling to investigate cancer screening rates. A total of 1,786 Koreans over 40 years of age participated in this study. Results: Of all the participants, 5.9% reported HBV positive (HBsAg+, HBsAb-), 41.8% were HBV negative but protected (HBsAg-, HBsAb+), and 52.3% were unprotected (HBsAg-, HBsAb-). Among unprotected individuals (n = 934), 23.1% reported to have received the vaccination. About half of those who had vaccinations completed the 3-shot vaccine series. In multiple analyses, education, having private cancer insurance, alcohol use, having regular check-up, and doing regular exercise were associated with completed HBV vaccination. Conclusion: This study result suggests that we need a liver cancer education program to increase HBV awareness and to increase the liver cancer prevention message among low educated populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number185
JournalBMC Infectious Diseases
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 25 2009

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Korea
Hepatitis B
Early Detection of Cancer
Hepatitis B virus
Vaccination
Liver Neoplasms
Virus Diseases
Hepatitis B Surface Antigens
Education
Surveys and Questionnaires
Chronic Hepatitis B
Insurance
Population
Neoplasms
Vaccines
Cross-Sectional Studies
Alcohols
Exercise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Hepatitis B vaccinations among Koreans : Results from 2005 Korea national cancer screening survey. / Juon, Hee Soon; Choi, Kui S.; Park, Eun Cheol; Kwak, Min Son; Lee, Sunmin.

In: BMC Infectious Diseases, Vol. 9, 185, 25.11.2009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Juon, Hee Soon ; Choi, Kui S. ; Park, Eun Cheol ; Kwak, Min Son ; Lee, Sunmin. / Hepatitis B vaccinations among Koreans : Results from 2005 Korea national cancer screening survey. In: BMC Infectious Diseases. 2009 ; Vol. 9.
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abstract = "Background: Liver cancer is one of most commonly diagnosed cancers among Koreans. Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major risk factor for liver cancer. HBV infection can be prevented by effective screening and vaccination programs. The purpose of this study is to examine the status of HBV infection and the predictors associated with HBV vaccination. Methods: The study population was derived from the 2005 Korea National Cancer Screening Survey (KNCSS). The KNCSS is an annual cross-sectional survey that uses a nationally-representative random sampling to investigate cancer screening rates. A total of 1,786 Koreans over 40 years of age participated in this study. Results: Of all the participants, 5.9{\%} reported HBV positive (HBsAg+, HBsAb-), 41.8{\%} were HBV negative but protected (HBsAg-, HBsAb+), and 52.3{\%} were unprotected (HBsAg-, HBsAb-). Among unprotected individuals (n = 934), 23.1{\%} reported to have received the vaccination. About half of those who had vaccinations completed the 3-shot vaccine series. In multiple analyses, education, having private cancer insurance, alcohol use, having regular check-up, and doing regular exercise were associated with completed HBV vaccination. Conclusion: This study result suggests that we need a liver cancer education program to increase HBV awareness and to increase the liver cancer prevention message among low educated populations.",
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