Tc-99m-MAA hepatic arterial perfusion scintigraphy (HAPS) using a totally implanted drug delivery system was employed for hepatic arterial chemotherapy in 147 patients (335 studies). Complete perfusion of the involved liver was seen in 88% of patients initially [more so in those with normal hepatic vascular anatomy (93%) than those with vascular variants (79%)] and remained good on follow-up. In 67 consecutive patients (95 studies), arteriovenous shunting to the lung ranged from 0.4 to 32% (mean, 6.2% ± 4.1 SD). Uptake at the tip of the catheter was increased in 20% of patients, but good perfusion was usually maintained. A significant decrease in hepatic and/or extrahepatic perfusion associated with a 'hot spot' at the tip of the catheter indicated hepatic arterial thrombosis. Extrahepatic perfusion was seen in 14% of cases, usually in the distribution of the stomach, small bowel, and spleen. Significant symptoms of drug toxicity were seen in 70% of patients with extrahepatic perfusion, compared to 19% of those without it.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging