Hepatectomy for noncolorectal non-neuroendocrine metastatic cancer: A multi-institutional analysis

Ryan T. Groeschl, Ido Nachmany, Jennifer L. Steel, Srinevas K. Reddy, Evan S. Glazer, Mechteld C. De Jong, Timothy M. Pawlik, David A. Geller, Allan Tsung, J. Wallis Marsh, Bryan M. Clary, Steven A. Curley, T. Clark Gamblin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

96 Scopus citations


Background: Although hepatic metastasectomy is well established for colorectal and neuroendocrine cancer, the approach to hepatic metastases from other sites is not well defined. We sought to examine the management of noncolorectal non-neuroendocrine liver metastases. Study Design: A retrospective review from 4 major liver centers identified patients who underwent liver resection for noncolorectal non-neuroendocrine metastases between 1990 and 2009. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze survival, and Cox regression models were used to examine prognostic variables. Results: There were 420 patients available for analysis. Breast cancer (n = 115; 27%) was the most common primary malignancy, followed by sarcoma (n = 98; 23%), and genitourinary cancers (n = 92; 22%). Crude postoperative morbidity and mortality rates were 20% and 2%, respectively. Overall median survival was 49 months, and 1, 3, and 5-year Kaplan-Meier survival rates were 73%, 50%, and 31%. Survival was not significantly different between the various primary tumor types. Recurrent disease was found after hepatectomy in 66% of patients. In multivariable models, lymphovascular invasion (p = 0.05) and metastases

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)769-777
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American College of Surgeons
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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