Hemodynamic effects and onset time of increasing doses of vecuronium in patients undergoing myocardial revascularization

Bessie B. Chen, Daniel P. Nyhan, Thomas J.J. Blanck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Study objectives were (1) to compare the hemodynamic effects of increasing doses of vecuronium, given as a bolus during induction of anesthesia using high-dose fentanyl, in patients undergoing myocardial revascularization; and (2) to determine whether increasing the dose of vecuronium would decrease the onset time to maximal depression of twitch response. Forty patients scheduled for elective coronary artery bypass surgery were randomly assigned to four equal groups to receive either 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, or 0.4 mg/kg of vecuronium. Hemodynamic measurements and neuromuscular blockade were recorded at five time points: A, awake state; B, anesthetized state after the administration of fentanyl, 10 μg/kg; C, 2 minutes after vecuronium bolus; D, 5 minutes after vecuronium bolus; and E, after intubation. Increasing the dose of vecuronium from 0.1 to 0.2 mg/kg decreased the onset time from 3.8 ± 0.3 minutes to 1.8 ± 0.2 minutes (P < 0.05). However, higher doses of vecuronium (0.3 or 0.4 mg/kg) did not result in further decreases in onset time. There were no significant differences in any hemodynamic parameter measured among the four groups in the anesthetized baseline state. Compared with the anesthetized state, the administration of vecuronium resulted in few alterations in hemodynamics within the groups studied. There were no changes in any hemodynamic parameter at 2 and 5 minutes following administration of 0.4 mg/kg of vecuronium. There were also no dose-related changes in any hemodynamic parameter. Thus, high doses of vecuronium of up to 0.4 mg/kg may be administered to patients with coronary artery disease with few hemodynamic changes. In addition, the onset time of neuromuscular blockade was significantly reduced by increasing the dose of vecuronium from 0.1 mg/ kg to 0.2 mg/kg.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)569-573
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia
Volume5
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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