Hemodynamic and gas transfer properties of a compliant thoracic artificial lung

Keith E. Cook, Carrie E. Perlman, Ralf Seipelt, Carl L. Backer, Constantine Mavroudis, Lyle F. Mockros

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A compliant thoracic artificial lung (TAL) has been developed for acute respiratory failure or as a bridge to transplantation. The development goal was to increase TAL compliance, lower TAL impedance, and improve right ventricular function during use. Prototypes were tested in vitro and in vivo in eight pigs between 67 and 79 kg to determine hemodynamic and gas transfer properties. The in vitro compliance was 16.2 ± 4.4 ml/mm Hg at pressures < 7.8 mm Hg and 4.3 ± 1.1 ml/mm Hg above 7.8 mm Hg. In vivo, this compliance significantly reduced blood flow pulsatility from 1.7 at the inlet to 0.36 at the outlet. Device resistance was 1.9 and 1.8 mm Hg/(L/min) at a flow rate of 4 L/min in vitro and in vivo, respectively. Approximately 75% of the resistance was at the inlet and outlet. In vivo TAL O2 and CO2 transfer rates were 188 and 186 ml/min, respectively, at 4 L/min of blood and gas flow, and average outlet O2 saturations exceeded 98% for average flow rates up to and including the maximum tested, 5.3 L/min. The new design has a markedly improved compliance and excellent gas transfer but also possesses inlet and outlet resistances that must be reduced in future designs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)404-411
Number of pages8
JournalASAIO Journal
Volume51
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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