Hemodialysis patients have worse outcomes after infrageniculate revascularization procedures

Caitlin Hicks, Joseph K. Canner, Kevin Kirkland, Mahmoud B. Malas, James Hamilton Black, Christopher Joseph Abularrage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Hemodialysis (HD) has been shown to be an independent predictor of poor outcomes after femoropopliteal revascularization procedures in patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia. However, HD patients tend to have isolated infrageniculate disease, an anatomic risk factor for inferior patency. We aimed to compare outcomes for HD versus non-HD patients after infrageniculate open lower extremity bypass (LEB) and endovascular peripheral vascular interventions (PVIs). Methods: Data from the Society for Vascular Surgery Vascular Quality Initiative database (2008-2014) were analyzed. All patients undergoing infrageniculate LEB or PVI for rest pain or tissue loss were included. One-year primary patency (PP), secondary patency (SP), and major amputation outcomes were analyzed for HD versus non-HD patients stratified by treatment approach using both univariable and multivariable analyses. Results: A total of 1688 patients were included, including 348 patients undergoing LEB (HD = 44 versus non-HD = 304) and 1340 patients undergoing PVI (HD = 223 versus non-HD = 1117). Patients on HD more frequently underwent revascularization for tissue loss (89% versus 77%, P < 0.001) and had ≥2 comorbidities (91% versus 76%, P < 0.001). Among patients undergoing LEB, 1-y PP (66% versus 69%) and SP (71% versus 78%) were similar for HD versus non-HD (P ≥ 0.25) groups, but major amputations occurred more frequently in the HD group (27% versus 14%; P = 0.03). Among patients undergoing PVI, 1-y PP (70% versus 78%) and SP (82% versus 90%) were lower and the frequency of major amputations was higher (27% versus 10%) for HD patients (all, P ≤ 0.02). After correcting for baseline differences between the groups, outcomes were similar for HD versus non-HD patients undergoing LEB (P ≥ 0.21) but persistently worse for HD patients undergoing PVI (all, P ≤ 0.006). Conclusions: HD is an independent predictor of poor patency and higher risk of major amputation after infrageniculate endovascular revascularization procedures for the treatment of chronic limb-threatening ischemia. The use of endovascular interventions in these higher risk patients is not associated with improved limb salvage outcomes and may be an inappropriate use of healthcare resources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)72-81
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume226
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Endovascular
  • Hemodialysis
  • Infrageniculate
  • Lower extremity bypass
  • Lower extremity revascularization
  • Peripheral vascular intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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