Heme oxygenase 2 is neuroprotective against intracerebral hemorrhage

Jian Wang, Hean Zhuang, Sylvain Doré

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Recent studies suggest a neuroprotective function for heme oxygenase 2 (HO2) in acute brain injury and ischemia. HO2, the main enzyme to degrade the pro-oxidant heme, was tested for its neuroprotective ability in postnatal neuronal cell cultures and in a model of collagenase-induced intracerebral hemorrhage. Genetic deletion of HO2 rendered cultured neurons 32% (P < 0.01) more vulnerable to hemin-induced toxicity, increased brain injury volume in mice by 30% (P < 0.05) at day 1 and by 67% (P < 0.05) at day 3, and worsened neurologic functions by 26% (P < 0.05) at day 1 and by 38% (P < 0.05) at day 3 following exposure to free heme liberated from hemorrhage. Together, these findings suggest that HO2 is a crucial neuroprotective enzyme in detoxifying high levels of heme from the brain and that further work is warranted to investigate potential therapeutic strategies that target HO2 in intracerebral hemorrhage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)473-476
Number of pages4
JournalNeurobiology of Disease
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2006

Keywords

  • Blood
  • Hemin
  • Intracerebral hemorrhage
  • Ischemia
  • Mouse
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology

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