A total of 183 hematologic malignancies with t(4;11)(q21;q23), including five variant translocations, were collected by the Workshop. Clinical, morphologic and immunophenotypic features were compiled, and karyotypes with variant t(4;11) or secondary chromosomal aberrations were reviewed. All cases were acute leukemias (AL): 173 acute lymphoblastic leukemias (ALL), six acute myeloid leukemias (AML), three unclassifiable AL, and one biphenotypic AL. Ten patients had treatment-associated AL. Females were overrepresented (104 vs 79) and the age distribution was clearly nonrandom; 34% of the cases occurred in infants below the age of 12 months. The remaining AL were evenly distributed among the other age groups, with the oldest patient being 79 years old. An increased white blood cell count (WBC) was reported in more than 90% of the cases, with hyperleukocytosis (≤ 100 x 109/l) in 64%. Additional chromosomal changes were detected in 55 (30%) cases, most often gain of the X chromosome, i(7)(q10), and trisomy 8, with frequent breakpoints in 1p36, 1q21, 7q10, 11p15, 12p13, 17p11, and 17p10. All recurrent secondary changes resulted in genomic imbalances, in particular gains of 1q, 7q, 8, and X and losses of 7p and 17p. Event-free and overall survival (EFS and OS) could be ascertained in 170 and 171 patients, respectively. Kaplan-Meier estimates of EFS and OS showed no differences with regard to gender, WBC, or presence of secondary chromosomal abnormalities, and there was no increase of EFS or OS among the 55 cases that had undergone bone marrow transplantation. However, age had an important prognostic impact, with significantly (P < 0.0001) longer EFS and OS in children 2-9 years old than among infants and younger children, patients aged between 10 and 39 years and older adults.
- Acute leukemia
- Secondary chromosomal changes
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research