Hematologic effects of xylazine when used for restraint of Bactrian camels

R. Custer, L. Kramer, S. Kennedy, M. Bush

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Xylazine was found to be a safe and reliable drug for chemical restraint of Bactrian camels (Camelus bactrianus). Dosages of 0.27 to 0.51 mg/kg of body weight provided adequate sedation for tδe performance of various procedures (e.g. tuberculin testing, lymph node biopsy, and electroejaculation). Hematologic and serum biochemical values for camels restrained manually were compared with those for camels restrained with xylazine. Xylazine-treated camels had significantly lower values for RBC, hemoglobin, and packed cell volume, and significantly higher blood glucose concentrations. Venous blood gas analyses did not reveal any major acid-base disturbances resulting from the use of xylazine. Rapid arousal from the sedative effects of xylazine occurred after the intravenous administration of doxapram hydrochloride in dosages of 0.05 to 0.13 mg/kg of body weight.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)899-901
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume171
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1977
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Camelus bactrianus
Xylazine
Camelus
xylazine
camels
doxapram
Doxapram
Body Weight
Blood Gas Analysis
tuberculin
body weight
sedatives
Tuberculin
blood gases
sedation
dosage
Arousal
Hypnotics and Sedatives
Cell Size
intravenous injection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Hematologic effects of xylazine when used for restraint of Bactrian camels. / Custer, R.; Kramer, L.; Kennedy, S.; Bush, M.

In: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Vol. 171, No. 9, 1977, p. 899-901.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Custer, R. ; Kramer, L. ; Kennedy, S. ; Bush, M. / Hematologic effects of xylazine when used for restraint of Bactrian camels. In: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 1977 ; Vol. 171, No. 9. pp. 899-901.
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