Hedgehog Signaling Is Required for Effective Regeneration of Exocrine Pancreas

Volker Fendrich, Farzad Esni, Maria Veronica R. Garay, Georg Feldmann, Nils Habbe, Jan Nygaard Jensen, Yuval Dor, Doris Stoffers, Jan Jensen, Steven D. Leach, Anirban Maitra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although both endocrine and the exocrine pancreas display a significant capacity for tissue regeneration and renewal, the existence of progenitor cells in the adult pancreas remains uncertain. Using a model of cerulein-mediated injury and repair, we demonstrate that mature exocrine cells, defined by expression of an Elastase1 promoter, actively contribute to regenerating pancreatic epithelium through formation of metaplastic ductal intermediates. Acinar cell regeneration is associated with activation of Hedgehog (Hh) signaling, as assessed by up-regulated expression of multiple pathway components, as well as activation of a Ptch-lacZ reporter allele. Using both pharmacologic and genetic techniques, we also show that the ability of mature exocrine cells to accomplish pancreatic regeneration is impaired by blockade of Hh signaling. Specifically, attenuated regeneration in the absence of an intact Hh pathway is characterized by persistence of metaplastic epithelium expressing markers of pancreatic progenitor cells, suggesting an inhibition of redifferentiation into mature exocrine cells. Given the known role of Hh signaling in exocrine pancreatic cancer, these findings may provide a mechanistic link between injury-induced activation of pancreatic progenitors and subsequent pancreatic neoplasia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)621-631.e8
JournalGastroenterology
Volume135
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2008

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Fendrich, V., Esni, F., Garay, M. V. R., Feldmann, G., Habbe, N., Jensen, J. N., Dor, Y., Stoffers, D., Jensen, J., Leach, S. D., & Maitra, A. (2008). Hedgehog Signaling Is Required for Effective Regeneration of Exocrine Pancreas. Gastroenterology, 135(2), 621-631.e8. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2008.04.011