Heating patterns produced in humans by 433.92 MHz round field applicator and 915MHz contact applicator

J. F. Lehmann, B. J. DeLateur, J. B. Stonebridge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Temperature distributions produced by a round field applicator operating at a frequency of 433.92 megahertz (MHz) are comparable to those produced by a 915 MHz cooled contact applicator in human volunteers with ≤ 1 cm or ≥ 2 cm of subcutaneous fat. The major difference between the two applicators is the temperatures produced on the skin surface and in the subcutaneous fat in humans. The circulating coolant of the 915 MHz contact applicator keeps skin surface temperatures much lower than those produced by the round field applicator in thick and thin subjects. It also tends to cool the superficial subcutaneous fat layer in thin subjects but doesn't affect the deeper subcutaneous fat layer in subjects with ≥ 2 cm of subcutaneous fat. The 915 MHz contact applicator gives the ability to control by cooling the temperatures produced in the superficial tissues. By regulating the temperature of coolant and time of cooling, temperature gradients can be modified so the highest temperatures may be found in the muscle. However, the superficial tissue temperatures cannot be regulated with the present application of the 433.92 MHz applicator. When the two applicators were compared, it was shown that the 433.92 MHz round field applicator did not surpass the heating ability of the 915 MHz contact applicator. Therefore, at this time, there is no reason to legalize the frequency of 433.92 MHz for diathermy use in the United States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)442-448
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of physical medicine and rehabilitation
Issue number10
StatePublished - Dec 1 1975
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation


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