OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to quantify the spatial temperature rises that occur during 1.5- and 3.0-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of different types of hip arthroplasty implants using different metal artifact reduction techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a prospective in vitro study design, we evaluated the spatial temperature rises of 4 different total hip arthroplasty constructs using clinical metal artifact reduction techniques including high-bandwidth turbo spin echo (HBW-TSE), slice encoding for metal artifact correction (SEMAC), and compressed sensing SEMAC at 1.5 and 3.0 T. Each MRI protocol included 6 pulse sequences, with imaging planes, parameters, and coverage identical to those in patients. Implants were immersed in standard American Society for Testing and Materials phantoms, and fiber optic sensors were used for temperature measurement. Effects of field strength, radiofrequency pulse polarization at 3.0 T, pulse protocol, and gradient coil switching on heating were assessed using nonparametric Friedman and Wilcoxon signed-rank tests. RESULTS: Across all implant constructs and MRI protocols, the maximum heating at any single point reached 13.1°C at 1.5 T and 1.9°C at 3.0 T. The temperature rises at 3.0 T were similar to that of background in the absence of implants (P = 1). Higher temperature rises occurred at 1.5 T compared with 3.0 T (P < 0.0001), and circular compared with elliptical radiofrequency pulse polarization (P < 0.0001). Compressed sensing SEMAC generated equal or lower degrees of heating compared with HBW-TSE at both field strengths (P < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Magnetic resonance imaging of commonly used total hip arthroplasty implants is associated with variable degrees of periprosthetic tissue heating. In the absence of any perfusion effects, the maximum temperature rises fall within the physiological range at 3.0 T and within the supraphysiologic range at 1.5 T. However, with the simulation of tissue perfusion effects, the heating at 1.5 T also reduces to the upper physiologic range. Compressed sensing SEMAC metal artifact reduction MRI is not associated with higher degrees of heating than the HBW-TSE technique.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging