Heat shock protein-mediated disassembly of nucleoprotein structures is required for the initiation of bacteriophage lambda DNA replication.

C. Alfano, Roger McMacken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Three Escherichia coli heat shock proteins, DnaJ, DnaK, and GrpE, are required for replication of the bacteriophage lambda chromosome in vivo. We show that the GrpE heat shock protein is not required for initiation of lambda DNA replication in vitro when the concentration of DnaK is sufficiently high. GrpE does, however, greatly potentiate the action of DnaK in the initiation process when the DnaK concentration is reduced to a subsaturating level. We demonstrate in the accompanying articles (Alfano, C. and McMacken, R. (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 10699-10708; Dodson, M., McMacken, R., and Echols, H. (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 10719-10725) that DnaJ and DnaK bind to prepriming nucleoprotein structures that are assembled at the lambda replication origin (ori lambda). Binding of DnaJ and DnaK completes the ordered assembly of an ori lambda initiation complex that also contains the lambda O and P initiators and the E. coli DnaB helicase. With the addition of ATP, the DnaJ and DnaK heat shock proteins mediate the partial disassembly of the initiation complex, and the P and DnaJ proteins are largely removed from the template. Concomitantly, on supercoiled ori lambda plasmid templates, the intrinsic helicase activity of DnaB is activated and DnaB initiates localized unwinding of the DNA duplex, thereby preparing the template for priming and DNA chain elongation. We infer from our results that DnaK and DnaJ function in normal E. coli metabolism to promote ATP-dependent protein unfolding and disassembly reactions. We also provide evidence that neither the lambda O and P initiators nor the E. coli DnaJ and DnaK heat shock proteins play a direct role in the propagation of lambda replication forks in vitro.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10709-10718
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume264
Issue number18
StatePublished - Jun 25 1989

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Bacteriophage lambda
Bacteriophages
Nucleoproteins
Heat-Shock Proteins
DNA Replication
Escherichia coli
DNA
DnaB Helicases
HSP40 Heat-Shock Proteins
Adenosine Triphosphate
Protein Unfolding
Replication Origin
Escherichia coli Proteins
Chromosomes
Metabolism
Elongation
Plasmids
Proteins
In Vitro Techniques

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Heat shock protein-mediated disassembly of nucleoprotein structures is required for the initiation of bacteriophage lambda DNA replication.",
abstract = "Three Escherichia coli heat shock proteins, DnaJ, DnaK, and GrpE, are required for replication of the bacteriophage lambda chromosome in vivo. We show that the GrpE heat shock protein is not required for initiation of lambda DNA replication in vitro when the concentration of DnaK is sufficiently high. GrpE does, however, greatly potentiate the action of DnaK in the initiation process when the DnaK concentration is reduced to a subsaturating level. We demonstrate in the accompanying articles (Alfano, C. and McMacken, R. (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 10699-10708; Dodson, M., McMacken, R., and Echols, H. (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 10719-10725) that DnaJ and DnaK bind to prepriming nucleoprotein structures that are assembled at the lambda replication origin (ori lambda). Binding of DnaJ and DnaK completes the ordered assembly of an ori lambda initiation complex that also contains the lambda O and P initiators and the E. coli DnaB helicase. With the addition of ATP, the DnaJ and DnaK heat shock proteins mediate the partial disassembly of the initiation complex, and the P and DnaJ proteins are largely removed from the template. Concomitantly, on supercoiled ori lambda plasmid templates, the intrinsic helicase activity of DnaB is activated and DnaB initiates localized unwinding of the DNA duplex, thereby preparing the template for priming and DNA chain elongation. We infer from our results that DnaK and DnaJ function in normal E. coli metabolism to promote ATP-dependent protein unfolding and disassembly reactions. We also provide evidence that neither the lambda O and P initiators nor the E. coli DnaJ and DnaK heat shock proteins play a direct role in the propagation of lambda replication forks in vitro.",
author = "C. Alfano and Roger McMacken",
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T1 - Heat shock protein-mediated disassembly of nucleoprotein structures is required for the initiation of bacteriophage lambda DNA replication.

AU - Alfano, C.

AU - McMacken, Roger

PY - 1989/6/25

Y1 - 1989/6/25

N2 - Three Escherichia coli heat shock proteins, DnaJ, DnaK, and GrpE, are required for replication of the bacteriophage lambda chromosome in vivo. We show that the GrpE heat shock protein is not required for initiation of lambda DNA replication in vitro when the concentration of DnaK is sufficiently high. GrpE does, however, greatly potentiate the action of DnaK in the initiation process when the DnaK concentration is reduced to a subsaturating level. We demonstrate in the accompanying articles (Alfano, C. and McMacken, R. (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 10699-10708; Dodson, M., McMacken, R., and Echols, H. (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 10719-10725) that DnaJ and DnaK bind to prepriming nucleoprotein structures that are assembled at the lambda replication origin (ori lambda). Binding of DnaJ and DnaK completes the ordered assembly of an ori lambda initiation complex that also contains the lambda O and P initiators and the E. coli DnaB helicase. With the addition of ATP, the DnaJ and DnaK heat shock proteins mediate the partial disassembly of the initiation complex, and the P and DnaJ proteins are largely removed from the template. Concomitantly, on supercoiled ori lambda plasmid templates, the intrinsic helicase activity of DnaB is activated and DnaB initiates localized unwinding of the DNA duplex, thereby preparing the template for priming and DNA chain elongation. We infer from our results that DnaK and DnaJ function in normal E. coli metabolism to promote ATP-dependent protein unfolding and disassembly reactions. We also provide evidence that neither the lambda O and P initiators nor the E. coli DnaJ and DnaK heat shock proteins play a direct role in the propagation of lambda replication forks in vitro.

AB - Three Escherichia coli heat shock proteins, DnaJ, DnaK, and GrpE, are required for replication of the bacteriophage lambda chromosome in vivo. We show that the GrpE heat shock protein is not required for initiation of lambda DNA replication in vitro when the concentration of DnaK is sufficiently high. GrpE does, however, greatly potentiate the action of DnaK in the initiation process when the DnaK concentration is reduced to a subsaturating level. We demonstrate in the accompanying articles (Alfano, C. and McMacken, R. (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 10699-10708; Dodson, M., McMacken, R., and Echols, H. (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 10719-10725) that DnaJ and DnaK bind to prepriming nucleoprotein structures that are assembled at the lambda replication origin (ori lambda). Binding of DnaJ and DnaK completes the ordered assembly of an ori lambda initiation complex that also contains the lambda O and P initiators and the E. coli DnaB helicase. With the addition of ATP, the DnaJ and DnaK heat shock proteins mediate the partial disassembly of the initiation complex, and the P and DnaJ proteins are largely removed from the template. Concomitantly, on supercoiled ori lambda plasmid templates, the intrinsic helicase activity of DnaB is activated and DnaB initiates localized unwinding of the DNA duplex, thereby preparing the template for priming and DNA chain elongation. We infer from our results that DnaK and DnaJ function in normal E. coli metabolism to promote ATP-dependent protein unfolding and disassembly reactions. We also provide evidence that neither the lambda O and P initiators nor the E. coli DnaJ and DnaK heat shock proteins play a direct role in the propagation of lambda replication forks in vitro.

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