Healthcare Disparities in Outcomes of a Metropolitan Congenital Heart Surgery Center: The Effect of Clinical and Socioeconomic Factors

Jennifer K. Peterson, Kirsti G. Catton, Shaun P. Setty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study is to identify the impact of demographic, socioeconomic, and clinical factors on congenital heart surgery outcomes. Study Design: This retrospective cohort study included 234 congenital heart surgery patients from 2011 through 2015, in a racially/ethnically diverse metropolitan children’s hospital. Outcomes included length of stay (LOS), age at first echocardiogram, length of mechanical ventilation, and incidence of complications. Results: Compared to others, black children underwent their first echocardiogram at a later age (median 23 versus 2 days, p = 0.014) and were more likely to be diagnosed with congenital heart disease in the emergency room (p = 0.026). Hispanic children were more likely to have major non-cardiac congenital anomalies (p = 0.045). Increased LOS during elective admissions was associated with higher surgical complexity (STAT category 4 and 5 Estimate 3.905 days, p = 0.001), compared to STAT category 1, and number of complications (Estimate = 2.306 days per complication, p OpenSPiltSPi 0.001). Increased LOS in non-elective admissions was associated with the number of complex chronic conditions (Estimate = 15.446 days, p = 0.045) and the number of complications (Estimate = 11.591 days per complication, p OpenSPiltSPi 0.001). However, in multivariate analysis, race and ethnicity was not associated with increased LOS or age at first echocardiogram. Conclusion: In this diverse setting, race/ethnicity was not associated with increased LOS, age at first echocardiogram, length of ventilation, or complications. Surgical complexity, chronic conditions, and complications were associated with increased LOS. We discuss some interventions to reduce disparities in congenital heart surgery outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)410-421
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Congenital heart disease
  • Health disparities
  • Outcomes
  • Race/ethnicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Anthropology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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