Health state utilities associated with post-surgical Staphylococcus aureus infections

Louis S. Matza, Katherine J. Kim, Holly Yu, Katherine A. Belden, Antonia F. Chen, Mark Kurd, Bruce Y. Lee, Jason Webb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are among the most common and potentially serious complications after surgery. Staphylococcus aureus is a virulent pathogen frequently identified as a cause of SSI. As vaccines and other infection control measures are developed to reduce SSI risk, cost-utility analyses (CUA) of these interventions are needed to inform resource allocation decisions. A recent systematic review found that available SSI utilities are of “questionable quality.” Therefore, the purpose of this study was to estimate the disutility (i.e., utility decrease) associated with SSIs. Methods: In time trade-off interviews, general population participants in the UK (London, Edinburgh) valued health states drafted based on literature and clinician interviews. Health states described either joint or spine surgery, with or without an SSI. The utility difference between otherwise identical health states with and without the SSI represented the disutility associated with the SSI. Results: A total of 201 participants completed interviews (50.2% female; mean age = 46.2 years). Mean (SD) utilities of health states describing joint and spine surgery without infections were 0.79 (0.23) and 0.78 (0.23). Disutilities of SSIs ranged from − 0.03 to − 0.32, depending on severity of the infection and subsequent medical interventions. All differences between corresponding health with and without SSIs were statistically significant (all p < 0.001). Conclusion: The preference-based SSI disutilities derived in this study may be used to represent mild and serious SSIs in CUAs assessing and comparing the value of vaccinations that may reduce the risk of SSIs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)819-827
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Health Economics
Volume20
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2019

Keywords

  • SSI
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Surgery
  • Surgical site infection
  • Time trade-off
  • Utility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
  • Health Policy

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