Health spending, access, and outcomes: Trends in industrialized countries

Gerard F. Anderson, Jean Pierre Poullier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

123 Scopus citations


In 1997 the United States spent $3,925 per capita on health or 13.5 percent of gross domestic product (GDP), while the median Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) country spent $1,728 or 7.5 percent. From 1990 to 1997 U.S. health spending per capita increased 4.3 percent per year, compared with the OECD median of 3.8 percent. The United States has the lowest percentage of the population with government-assured health insurance. It also has the fewest hospital days per capita, the highest hospital expenditures per day, and substantially higher physician incomes than the other OECD countries. On the available outcome measures, the United States is generally in the bottom half, and its relative ranking has been declining since 1960.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)178-192
Number of pages15
JournalHealth Affairs
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy


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