Health in fragile and post-conflict states: a review of current understanding and challenges ahead

Rohini J. Haar, Leonard S. Rubenstein

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Health systems face enormous challenges in fragile and post-conflict states. This paper will review recent literature to better understand how, within a context of economic volatility, political instability, infrastructural collapse and human resource scarcity, population health deteriorates and requires significant attention and resources to rebuild. Classifications of fragile and post-conflict states differ among organizations and reviewing the basic consensus as well as differences will assist in clarifying how organizations use these terms and how statistics on these nations come about. Of particular interest is the increase in local conflicts within states that may not affect national mortality and morbidity but pose heavy burdens on regional populations. Recent research on sexual and reproductive health, children's health and mental health within fragile and post-conflict states highlights the effects of healthcare systems and their breakdown on communities. We propose a research agenda to further explore knowledge gaps concerning health in fragile and post-conflict states.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)289-316
Number of pages28
JournalMedicine, Conflict and Survival
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2012


  • children's health
  • conflict state
  • fragile
  • health
  • medicine
  • mental health
  • post-conflict
  • sexual and reproductive health
  • state

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine


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