Evaluación en cinco ciudades españolas del impacto en salud de la contaminación atmosférica por partículas. Proyecto europeo apheis

Translated title of the contribution: Health impact evaluation of particle air pollution in five spanish cities. European APHEIS project

Eva Alonso Fustel, Teresa Martínez Rueda, Koldo Cambra Contin, Laura Lopez Carrasco, Elena Boldo Pascua, Belén Zorrilla Torras, Antonio Daponte Codina, Inmaculada Aguilera Jiménez, Silvia Toro Cárdenas, Carmen Iñiguez Hernandez, Ferrán Ballester Diez, Francisco García García, Antoni Plasencia Taradach, Lucía Artazcoz Lazcano, Silvia Medina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The health effects of air pollution have been analyzed in numerous studies over recent years, thus having made it possible to quantify the relationship between the two. This study is aimed at analyzing the theoretical benefits which would be achieved by meeting the air quality objectives set forth under EC Directive 1999/30/EC with regard to suspended particles. Methods: The exposure measurement was taken for Black Smoke (Barcelona, Bilbao, Valencia) and suspended particles under 10 μm (PM10) (Bilbao, Madrid y Sevilla). The health indicators calculated were the mortality due to all causes and respiratory and cardiovascular causes, and emergency hospital admissions and mortality due to respiratory and cardiovascular causes. In the case of PM 10 the impact has been calculated because its effects to short-term, within a period of up to 40 days following exposure, and to long-term. For Black Smoke the effects only has been calculated to short-term. Results: The daily levels of PM10 from exceeding 50 μg/m3 in Bilbao, Madrid and Sevilla cause the earlier death of 1.4/100,000 individuals per year because its effects. The effect within a period of up to 40 days following exposure is of 2.8 deaths/100,000. The total number of deaths per year which may be later due to long-term exposure if the yearly average is lowered to 20 μg/m3 is 68/100,000. Conclusions: The health impact of the current air pollution levels is quantifiable and is not insignificant. APHEIS and the impact evaluations may be of aid in healthcare planning and environmental policies.

Translated title of the contributionHealth impact evaluation of particle air pollution in five spanish cities. European APHEIS project
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)297-308
Number of pages12
JournalRevista Espanola de Salud Publica
Volume79
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Air pollution
  • Cause of death
  • Environment and public health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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