Health co-benefits of green building design strategies and community resilience to urban flooding: A systematic review of the evidence

Adele Houghton, Carlos Castillo-Salgado

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Climate change is increasingly exacerbating existing population health hazards, as well as resulting in new negative health effects. Flooding is one particularly deadly example of its amplifying and expanding effect on public health. This systematic review considered evidence linking green building strategies in the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design® (LEED) Rating System with the potential to reduce negative health outcomes following exposure to urban flooding events. Queries evaluated links between LEED credit requirements and risk of exposure to urban flooding, environmental determinants of health, co-benefits to public health outcomes, and co-benefits to built environment outcomes. Public health co-benefits to leveraging green building design to enhance flooding resilience included: improving the interface between humans and wildlife and reducing the risk of waterborne disease, flood-related morbidity and mortality, and psychological harm. We conclude that collaborations among the public health, climate change, civil society, and green building sectors to enhance community resilience to urban flooding could benefit population health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1519
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume14
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 6 2017

Keywords

  • Climate change adaptation
  • Climate change mitigation
  • Sustainable communities
  • Sustainable design
  • Urban flood-related hazards

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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