Health care for youth in the juvenile justice system

Paula K. Braverman, Pamela J. Murray, William P. Adelman, Cora C. Breuner, David A. Levine, Arik V. Marcell, Rebecca F. O'Brien, Loretta E. Gavin, Rachel J. Miller, Jorge L. Pinzon, Benjamin Shain

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

80 Scopus citations


Youth in the juvenile correctional system are a high-risk population who, in many cases, have unmet physical, developmental, and mental health needs. Multiple studies have found that some of these health issues occur at higher rates than in the general adolescent population. Although some youth in the juvenile justice system have interfaced with health care providers in their community on a regular basis, others have had inconsistent or nonexistent care. The health needs of these youth are commonly identified when they are admitted to a juvenile custodial facility. Pediatricians and other health care providers play an important role in the care of these youth, and continuity between the community and the correctional facility is crucial. This policy statement provides an overview of the health needs of youth in the juvenile correctional system, including existing resources and standards for care, financing of health care within correctional facilities, and evidence-based interventions. Recommendations are provided for the provision of health care services to youth in the juvenile correctional system as well as specific areas for advocacy efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1219-1235
Number of pages17
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Correctional health care
  • Financing of health care
  • Juvenile detention
  • Juvenile justice
  • Mental health
  • Reproductive health
  • Substance abuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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